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stat - display file or file system status


stat [OPTION] FILE...


Display file or file system status.

-L, --dereference
follow links

-f, --file-system
display file system status instead of file status

--format=FORMAT use the specified FORMAT instead of the default; output a newline after each use of FORMAT

like --format, but interpret backslash escapes, and do not output a mandatory trailing newline. If you want a newline, include \n in FORMAT.

-t, --terse
print the information in terse form

-Z, --context
print security context information for SELinux if available.

--help display this help and exit

output version information and exit

The valid format sequences for files (without --file-system):

Access rights in octal

Access rights in human readable form

Number of blocks allocated (see %B)

The size in bytes of each block reported by %b

Device number in decimal

SELinux security context

Device number in hex

Raw mode in hex

File type

Group ID of owner

Group name of owner

Number of hard links

Inode number

File name

Quoted file name with dereference if symbolic link

I/O block size

Total size, in bytes

Major device type in hex

Minor device type in hex

User ID of owner

User name of owner

Time of last access

Time of last access as seconds since Epoch

Time of last modification

Time of last modification as seconds since Epoch

Time of last change

Time of last change as seconds since Epoch

Valid format sequences for file systems:

Free blocks available to non-superuser

Total data blocks in file system

Total file nodes in file system

Free file nodes in file system

Free blocks in file system

File System ID in hex

Maximum length of filenames

File name

Block size (for faster transfers)

Fundamental block size (for block counts)

Type in hex

Type in human readable form

NOTE: your shell may have its own version of stat, which usually supersedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell’s documentation for details about the options it supports.


Written by Michael Meskes.

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs to <>.


Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

See Also

The full documentation for stat is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and stat programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info stat

should give you access to the complete manual.

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