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echo - display a line of text


echo [OPTION]... [STRING]...


Echo the STRING(s) to standard output.

do not output the trailing newline

enable interpretation of backslash escapes

disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default)

--help display this help and exit

output version information and exit

If -e is in effect, the following sequences are recognized:

\0NNN the character whose ASCII code is NNN (octal)


alert (BEL)


suppress trailing newline

form feed

new line

carriage return

horizontal tab

vertical tab

NOTE: your shell may have its own version of echo, which usually supersedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell’s documentation for details about the options it supports.


Written by FIXME unknown.

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs to <>.


Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

See Also

The full documentation for echo is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and echo programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info echo

should give you access to the complete manual.

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