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Name

cat - concatenate files and print on the standard output

Synopsis

cat [OPTION] [FILE]...

Description

Concatenate FILE(s), or standard input, to standard output.

-A, --show-all
equivalent to -vET

-b, --number-nonblank
number nonblank output lines

-e
equivalent to -vE

-E, --show-ends
display $ at end of each line

-n, --number
number all output lines

-s, --squeeze-blank
never more than one single blank line

-t
equivalent to -vT

-T, --show-tabs
display TAB characters as ^I

-u
(ignored)

-v, --show-nonprinting
use ^ and M- notation, except for LFD and TAB

--help display this help and exit

--version
output version information and exit

With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

Examples

cat f - g
Output f’s contents, then standard input, then g’s contents.

cat
Copy standard input to standard output.

Author

Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.

Copyright

Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

See Also

The full documentation for cat is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cat programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info cat

should give you access to the complete manual.


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